The Model Hospital uses Pharmacy and Medicines data from a range of sources. Some are published and available to the public, and there is more limited access to other data sources.
There is more information on the source and methodology of each metric within the Model Hospital, which you can access via the i (info) button or clicking on the metric name.
NHS Benchmarking data
NHS Benchmarking data is available to members. NHS England and NHS Improvement are supplied with a copy of the data through a formal data sharing agreement. Not all trusts are NHS Benchmarking members, so these trusts submit a manual form with the equivalent data. This data is mainly used for trust-level Pharmacy and Medicines metrics.
Some data comes from distributors and wholesalers of medicine; for example the number of order prescribed electronically or manually. This is not published, but prepared specially for the Model Hospital to use under data sharing agreements. Metrics using this data are found in the trust-level section of Pharmacy and Medicines.
A large number of Pharmacy and Medicines metrics use data from the Define system supplied by Rx-Info. This system contains information about medicine use and spend. It is made available to trusts who use the system.
Trusts need to give specific written permission for NHS England and NHS Improvement to have access to their data. The Model Hospital has access to Rx-Info Define data for around 90% of acute trusts; the rest either do not use this system or have not given permission.
This data is used for some trust-level metrics, such as the Choice of Paracetamol Formulations, and for top 10 medicines metrics.
Headline productivity data sources
Data for the Carter productivity metrics in Pharmacy and Medicines comes from ESR (the Electronic Staff Record), Reference Costs, and trust accounts.
Other sources of data for trust-level metrics
The Care Quality Commission (CQC) supplies data for the metric National Inpatients Survey - Medicines Related Questions.
The National Reporting & Learning System (NRLS) is used as the source of % Medication Incidents Reported as Causing Harm or Death/All Medication Errors.
We use data from the Public Health England Fingertips database for:
- Total Antibiotic Consumption in Defined Daily Doses per 1,000 admissions
- Percentage of antibiotics prescriptions with evidence of review within 72 hours